Plants from the lunar soil have succeeded in growing and growing, for the first time in history.
A small pot filled with soil from the moon has provided a huge leap in human knowledge about space agriculture.
How not, scientists managed to grow a plant that comes from the soil of the moon.
The lunar soil that astronauts in the Apollo program brought back became a new treasure.
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Scientists at the University of Florida have successfully cultivated plants using soil from the moon for the first time.
This achievement of course has significant implications for long-term space missions in the future. Astronauts may need access to their own food sources.
The lunar soil the scientists used came from samples the three Apollo missions brought home about five decades ago. They then placed the Arabidopsis plant inside.
This research is certainly critical to NASA’s long-term human exploitation goals.
“We need to use existing resources on the Moon and Mars to develop a food source for future astronauts living and operating in space,” said Bill Nelson, head of the US space agency.
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To be able to carry out this experiment, the researchers used only 12 grams of lunar soil from NASA. Then they put the soil into a small pot.
After that, they put one gram of regolith soil and added water and plant seeds. Do not forget they also provide adequate nutrition every day to the plant.
In this case, the researchers chose the Arabidopsis thaliana plant which is a relative of mustard greens because it is easy to grow.
Moreover, if a plant from this lunar soil grows, it can be studied extensively.
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Result of Experiment
Two days after inserting the plant seeds into the lunar soil, they finally sprouted.
“Each plant, whether it was in the fruit sample or control group, looked the same until about day six,” Anna-Lisa Paul, a lead author of the research paper, said in a statement.
However, the difference began to appear after the sixth day. Plants in the lunar sample grew more slowly and also had stunted roots.
After 20 days, the scientists had harvested all the plants and started to carry out studies on plant DNA.
Emerging analysis shows that moon plants react similarly to those grown in hostile environments, such as soil with heavy metals or too much salt.
In the future, scientists want to understand how to make this environment more hospitable.
The success of plant experiments from lunar soil has had a tremendous impact on the advancement of the world of astronomy for the future.